In refusing to explain living phenomena, vitalism demonstrates the weakness of idealism in resolving the question of the essence of life and of its origin and development.
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While asserting that life cannot be reduced to the sum total of chemical, physical, and mechanical phenomena, vitalism regards as an absolute the qualitative uniqueness of living phenomena and draws upon invented nonmaterial factors to explain this unique quality. A characteristic of vitalism is its disregard of historical method, first in rejection of C. Driesch and his fol-lowers and, later, in the teleological interpretation of evolution by contemporary idealists.
Vitalists have always based their position on the fact that certain problems have not been solved, for example, on the supposed impossibility of synthesis of organic substances outside of the organism. As soon as a particular characteristic of life received a scientific, materialist explanation, vitalism appealed to other, still un-studied areas. Vitalism interpreted from an idealistic stand-point not only the nature of living organisms in general but also the nature of consciousness. After the victory of evolutionary ideas in biology, vitalism penetrated into this area in the form of various anti-Darwinian concepts of evolution, such as psycholamarckism and the creative evolution propounded by, among others, the French philosopher H.
Marks and F. Engels, Soch.
Experimental Life: Vitalism in Romantic Science and Literature (ebook)
Lenin, V. Timiriazev, K. Moscow, Driesch, H. Vitalizm: Ego istoriia i sistema. Teilhard de Chardin, P. Fenomen cheloveka. Main article: Goethean science. See also: Theory of Colours. Main article: Humboldtian science.
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Romanticism and the Sciences. Romanticism in Science: Science in Europe, — Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society. Romanticism in Science. Christensen Annals of Science. Frankenstein, p. History of science. Theories and sociology Historiography Pseudoscience. Agricultural science Computer science Materials science Engineering. Timelines Portal Category. Arnim B.
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Experimental Life Vitalism in Romantic Science and Literature
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